To develop effective systems through planting horticulture species to improving and stabilize livelihood of Tribal families in Pali district of Rajasthan.
Pali district has a population of 2,038,533 out of which Scheduled Caste population is
approximately 18 per cent and scheduled tribe population about 6 per cent. We
have, however, chosen to work in a cluster of villages in Bali block that are predominantly
Overall literacy ratio in the district is 63%, male 78%, and female 48%. Nearly one-third
of the geographical area of the block is hilly and inhabited by diverse tribal communities:
Bhils, Garasias, Meenas, etc. The average rainfall in this region is 400 mm. As in a
typical tribal area, this region also has abundant natural resources (forest, water, and
Low soil productivity due to high soil erosion, conventional farm practices and lack of
use of machinery in farming pose a major challenge in realizing potential yields of local
crops, namely, maize, mustard and wheat. Less or no fertilizer application and no pest
and disease control measures are the other reasons behind realization of less agriculture
yield. Food sufficiency in the area is very low. Almost every household goes for wage
labour employment and earns a majority of its annual income from that.
The tribals have their own social norms, from marriage arrangements to religious beliefs,
polygamy to alcoholism. Low literacy among women, high women oppression, highload of labour-intensive work on women, and no role in decision making of any sort are
pretty much prevalent in the tribal society here.